The Qur’ānic Dialogue with The Mystical Theology of Logos in John’s Gospel

Main Article Content

Syed M. Waqas


The Qur’ān, the “Holy Writ” of Islam, builds its rationale of revelation on the scriptural model of biblical tradition. Embracing direct divine intervention in worldly affairs as the first principle within the constrictions of monotheistic theology, the Qur’ān resurrects biblical purview of an intermediary agency linking the transcendent divine with the terrestrial human, which the author of John’s Gospel identifies as “Logos. This article argues that the Qur’ānic conception of kalām-Allah, at a conceptual level, engages with John’s mystical theology of the divine origin of the Logos-incarnate and reinterprets the conception as well as its application. This cornerstone of John’s theology formulates a crucial basis for the Qur’ānic narrator’s self-reflection through both content and form of revelation as such. Biblical literature written prior to Johannine appropriation of Logos does not cohere with John’s mystical paradigm, which the Qur’ān, on the other hand, brings to a whole new level of theological maturation. The Qur’ān dialogues with John’s Gospel at multiple levels on the principal question of God’s personal interaction with humanity and presents its nuanced metaphysical construct in conversation with the Logos principle, but in distinction from John’s incarnation theology.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
WaqasSyed M. “The Qur’ānic Dialogue With The Mystical Theology of Logos in John’s Gospel”. TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 10, no. 2 (October 25, 2020): 179-203. Accessed November 30, 2020.


Akhtar, Shabbir. The Quran and the Secular Mind: A Philosophy of Islam. New York, NY: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2008.
Ali, Maulana Muhammad. The Religion of Islam. Dublin, Ohio: The Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha’at Islam Lahore Inc., 2009.
Allen, Roger. An Introduction to Arabic Literature. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Asad, Muhammad. The Message of the Qur’ān. London, UK: The Book Foundation, 2003.
Badawi, El-Said M. and Haleem, Muhammad Abdel. Arabic - English Dictionary of Qur’ānic Usage. Leiden, the Netherlands: E.J. Brill, 2008.
Bosworth, C.E. et al., The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 5. Leiden, the Netherlands: E.J. Brill, 1983.
Cohn-Sherbok, Dan (ed.), Islam in a World of Diverse Faiths. London, UK: Macmillan Press Ltd., 1997.
Cooperson, Michael. Classical Arabic Biography: The Heirs of the Prophets in the Age of al-Ma’mūn. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Cottrell, Jack. The Faith Once for All. Joplin, MO: College Press Publishing Company, 2002.
Damiri, Lejla (ed.). Muslim Exegesis of the Bible in Medieval Cairo. Leiden, The Netherlands: E.J. Brill Publishing, 2013.
Denffer, Ahmad Von. ‘Ulum al-Qur’ān: An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur’ān (Koran). Leicestershire, UK: The Islamic Foundation, 2011.
Enayat, Hamid. Modern Islamic Political Thought. London: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd., 2005.
Fakhry, Majid. A History of Islamic Philosophy. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1983.
Glassé, Cyril and Smith, Huston. The New Encyclopedia of Islam. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2002.
Glassé, Cyril. The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers, 1989.
Henry, Carl F.H. “God Who Stands and Stays,” God, Revelation, and Authority, Vol. 5. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1999.
Iqbal, Allama Muhammad. Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2004.
Leaman, Oliver (ed.). The Qur’ān: An Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2006.
Lobel, Diana. Between Mysticism and Philosophy. New York, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000.
Martin, Richard C. and Woodward, Mark R. Defenders of Reason in Islam. London, England: Oneworld Publication, 1997.
Maududi, Sayyid Abul A’la. Towards Understanding Islam, trans. Khurshid Ahmad. Lahore: Idara Tarjuman-ul-Qur’ān, 2001.
Meisami, Julie Scott and Starkey, Paul (eds.). Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, Vol. 2. New York, NY: Routledge, 1998.
Mvumbi, Frederic Ntedika. The Identity of Christ in Islam. Nairobi: Paulines Publications, 2008.
Nash, Ronald H. The Gospel and the Greeks. Richardson, TX: Probe Books, 1992.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Knowledge and the Sacred. New York: State University of New York Press, 1989.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary. United States: HarperOne, 2015.
Nöldeke, Theodor et al., The History of the Qur’ān, ed. and trans. by Wolfgang H. Behn. Boston: Brill, 2013.
‘Omar, ‘Abdul Mannān. Dictionary of the Holy Qur’ān. Hockessin, DE: NOOR Foundation International Inc., 2012.
Owens, Jonathan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Arabic Linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Parrinder, Geoffrey. Jesus in the Qur’ān. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
Renard, John. Historical Dictionary of Sufism. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press Inc., 2005.
Siddiqui, Sohaira Z.M. Law and Politics under Abbasids. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2019.
Singh, David Emmanuel (ed.). Jesus and the Incarnation: Reflection of Christian from Islam Contexts. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2011.
Smith, Wilfred Cantwell. What is Scripture?: A Comparative Approach. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2005.
Usmani, Mufti Muhammad Taqi. An Approach to the Qur’ānic Sciences. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2000.
Vasalou, Sophia. Moral Agents and Their Deserts: The Character of Mu’tazilite Ethics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Wolfson, Harry Austryn. The Philosophy of the Kalam. Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press, 1976.