Employing Politics of Identity and Nurturing Religious Piety: An Experience of the Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid dan Tasawuf Indonesia in Aceh

Main Article Content

Muhammad Suhaili Sufyan
Zulkarnaini Zulkarnaini
Mawardi Mawardi

Abstract

This article discusses the identity politics of the Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid dan Tasawuf Indonesia (MPTTI) or the Indonesian Council for the Study of Tauhid and Tasawuf in nurturing piety among the Acehnese community. The MPTTI emphasizes the mystical realm of Islamic doctrines and has been considered to spread wujūdiyya or pantheistic ideas of God, which are regarded as deviant by the mainstream or fiqh-oriented groups. However, this organization was able to develop a Sufistic ideology in Aceh and introduced it to a broader audience at national and international levels. Viewed from the perspective of identity politics, this study argues that marginalization has led the MPTTI to fight for equality and challenge the mainstream groups. Meanwhile, the phenomenological approach was used by the study to highlight the identity politics of the MPTTI, which were also revealed to have been employed in religious, social, cultural, and political spheres. Consequently, the mainstream fiqh-oriented groups have gradually acknowledged the MPTTI’s effort to pursue equality, and this council has also successfully established political alliances with the government and other organizations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sufyan, Muhammad Suhaili, Zulkarnaini Zulkarnaini, and Mawardi Mawardi. “Employing Politics of Identity and Nurturing Religious Piety: An Experience of the Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid Dan Tasawuf Indonesia in Aceh”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 10, no. 2 (December 20, 2020): 283–301. Accessed January 23, 2021. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/1514.
Section
Articles

References

A. Book/Journal

Abbas, Moh. Rafli. “Ruang Publik dan Ekspresi Politik Identitas: Studi tentang Pergulatan Identitas Ke-Papua-an di Yogyakarta),” Society, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016. https://society.fisip .ubb.ac.id/index.php/society/article/view/33.

Börzel, Tanja A. and Risse, Thomas. “Identity Politics, Core State Powers, and Regional Integration: Europe and Beyond,” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2020. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ jcms.12982.

Bourdieu, Pierre. The Logic of Practice. California: Atanford University Press, 1990.

Brunila, Kristiina and Rossi, Leena-Maija. “Identity Politics, the Ethos of Vulnerability, and Education,” Educational Philosophy and Theory, Vol. 50, No. 3, 2018. https://www.tandfonline.com /doi/full/10.1080/00131857.2017. 1343115.

Connolly, Peter. Aneka Pendekatan Studi Agama. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2002.

Hill, Michael. “Sect”, Encyclopedia of Religion. New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1996.

Ichwan, Mohd Nur. “Neo-Sufism, Shariatism, and Ulama Politics: Abu Shaykh Amran Waly and the Tauhid-Tasawuf Movement in Aceh”, in Kees van Dijk and Nico J.G. Kaptein (eds.), Islam, Politics and Change. Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2016.

Khamdan, Muh. and Wiharyani, Wiharyani. “Mobilisasi Politik Identitas dan Kontestasi Gerakan Fundamentalisme,” al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2018. http://jurnal.iainponorogo.ac.id/index.php/tahrir/article/view/ 1198.

Maarif, Ahmad Syafii. “Politik Identitas dan Masa Depan Pluralisme Indonesia,” in Ihsan Ali-Fauzi dan Samsu Rizal Panggabean (eds.), Politik Identitas dan Masa Depan Pluralisme. Jakarta: Democracy Project, 2012.

Makin, Al. “Returning to the Religion of Abraham: Controversies over the Gafatar Movement in Contemporary Indonesia,” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2019. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09596410.2019.1570425.

Nafis, Muhammad Muntahibun and Najib, Muhammad Ainun. “Pemikiran Sufistik dan Toleransi Beragama KH. Sholeh Bahruddin di Pesantren Ngalah Pasuruan,” TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2017. http:// jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/184.

Nichols, “Parallel Processes: Spatial Production at Aceh’s Baiturrahman Mosque,” International Journal of Islamic Architecture, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019. https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content /10.1386/ijia.8.1.169_1.

Nurani, Shinta. “Urban Sufism and Transformation of Islamic Culture in Millenial Society,” RELIGIA, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2018. http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/Religia/article /view/1508.

Observation of Participants in the Study of Tauhid Tasawuf and Rateb Siribee at the Islamic Center Lhokseumawe, August 13, 2017

Rahmawati., Yahiji, Kasim., and Mustakimah. “Makna Zikir Bagi Jemaah Tarekat Naqshabandīyah Khālīdīyah Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid Tasawuf Indonesia di Kota Gorontalo,” TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2018. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/234.

Shadiqin, Sehat Ihsan. “Tasawuf di Era Syariat: Tipologi Adaptasi dan Tranformasi Gerakan Tarekat dalam Masyarakat Aceh Kontemporer,” Jurnal Substansia, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2018.

Sulaiman. “Tasawuf Lokal Panglima Utar di Kotawaringin Barat, Kalimantan Tengah,” IBDA`: Jurnal Kajian Islam dan Budaya, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2017. http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id /index.php/ibda/article/view/1037.

Suraiya IT., Rijal, Syamsul., and Prasojo, Zaenuddin Hudi. “Sufism and Religious Practices in Modern Lifestyle,” Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2019. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/religio/article/view/1231.

Ting-Toomey, Stella. Communication Across Cultures. London: The Guldford Press, 1999.

Zuhri, Syaifudin. “The Mosque as the Religious Sphere: Looking at the Conflict over the Al Muttaqun Mosque,” in Kees van Dijk and Nico J.G. Kaptein (eds.), Islam, Politics, and Change. Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2016.

B. Interview

Tgk. Syukri (Chair of the MPTT Aceh Besar-Banda Aceh Region). Interview. Banda Aceh, June 28, 2019.

Tgk. Usman (an alumnus of the Darussalam Labuhan Haji Islamic Boarding School in South Aceh, as well as the Implementation of the Tauhid Tasawuf and Rateb Siribee Study Activities at the Islamic Center Lhokseumawe). Interview. Banda Aceh August 13, 2017.