Distingsi dan Diaspora Tasawuf Abû al-Ḥasan al-Shâdhilî

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Saifulah Saifulah

Abstract

This article discusses Shâdhilîyah, one of the most recognized Sufi orders, which possesses quite distinct aspects in the conception of its mystical teachings. This sufi order was founded by Abû al-Ḥasan al-Shâdhilî, a Sufi who has a moderate and open view of the worldly life. Al-Shâdhilî explained how a Sufi should behave towards and deal with worldly matters. Although al-Shâdhilî asserted that a person who practices Sufism should not pay more adoration to the worldly matters (hubb al-dunyâ), the person does not have to abhor and leave such lively aspects as wealth and position behind. The most important thing to a Sufi, according to al-Shadhili, is how he obeys the requirements of shar‘ by avoiding away from immoral deeds and at the same time recognizing God in his heart (ma‘rifat Allâh). Al-Shâdhilî initiated tasawuf ‘amalî which is affiliated to the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamâ‘ah school, an Islamic mystical thought that adheres to the principles of sharîah based on the foundation of al-Qur’ân dan H}adîth. The concept of al-Shâdhilî’s Sufism has been subsequently revealed into the great Sufi order spectrum, namely al-Shâdhilîyah, where during its historical development this Sufi order has led to the emergence of many branches with different names.

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How to Cite
Saifulah, Saifulah. “Distingsi Dan Diaspora Tasawuf Abû Al-Ḥasan Al-Shâdhilî”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 4, no. 2 (December 8, 2014): 353–381. Accessed August 13, 2022. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/13.
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