Gerakan Tarekat dan Pertumbuhan Budaya Berfilosofi di Lombok

Main Article Content

Abdul Quddus
Lalu Muhammad Ariadi

Abstract

In Indonesia, Sufism has become a focal part of Islam's development from the 13th to the 18th century. Once Islam was widely spread out of Indonesia in the 13th century, Sufism's teaching had metamorphosed into a religious movement known as Sufi order. Through tarekat movement, Islam in Indonesia has grown not only as a religion but also as a fundamental part of cultural entities in the country. Among these cultures is the Culture of Philosophy in Lombok. This article attempts to scrutinize the development of Tarekat Movement and the Culture of Philosophy in Lombok. These two aspects are analyzed through an anthropological study. The study finds that Tarekat Movement has played a significant role in the growth of the Culture of Philosophy in Lombok. Through the Culture of Philosophy, the Muslim people in Lombok learn and understand Islam as a set of logical facts that teaches its adherents about the Divine Reality and wisdom of life. This culture has been transmitted from generation to generation through oral and written transmissions, in which the written way is found within classical manuscripts. Through these media, the doctrines of Sufism have been taught as a means of cherishing the relation amongst God, Man, and Nature.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Quddus, Abdul, and Lalu Muhammad Ariadi. “Gerakan Tarekat Dan Pertumbuhan Budaya Berfilosofi Di Lombok”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 5, no. 2 (December 7, 2015): 321–345. Accessed February 27, 2021. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/113.
Section
Articles

References

Ali, M. Muhaimin. Praktik Keberagamaan Masyarakat Islam Waktu Telu di Lombok Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta, 1999.

Ambary, Hasan Muarif. Menemukan Peradaban: Jejak Arkeologis dan Historis Islam Nusantara. Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu, 1998.

Ariadi, Lalu Muhammad. Haji Sasak: Sebuah Potret Dialektika Haji dan Kebudayaan Lokal. Jakarta: IMPRESSA, 2013.

Azra, Azyumardi. Renaissance Islam Asia Tenggara: Sejarah Wacana dan Kekuasaan. Bandung: Rosdakarya: 1999.

Bartholomew, John Ryan. Alif Lam Mim: Kearifan Masyarakat Sasak, terj. Imron Rosyadi. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana Yogya, 2001.

Bruinessen, Martin van. “Mencari Ilmu dan Pahala di Tanah Suci: Orang Nusantara Naik Haji,” Ulumul Qur’ân, VI II, No. 5, 1990.

-----. Kitab Kuning, Pesantren dan Tarekat. Bandung: Mizan, 1995.

Budiwanti, Erni. Islam Sasak: Islam Wetu Lima versus Islam Wetu Telu. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2000.

Cederroth, Sven. The Spell of the Ancestors and the Power of Mekah: A Sasak Community on Lombok. Sweden: ACTA Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 1981.

Danarto. Orang Jawa Naik Haji. Jakarta: PT Pustaka Utama Grafiti, 1993.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Bunga Rampai Kutipan Naskah Lama dan Aspek Pengetahuannya. t.t.: Proyek Kajian Kebudayaan Daerah, 1990.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Tim. Sejarah Daerah Nusa Tenggara Barat. t.t.: Pusat Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya Proyek Penelitian dan Pencatatan Kebudayaan Daerah, 1977/1978.

Disbudpar Prov. Jambi, Proceeding the First International Conference on Jambi Studies. Jambi: ICJS, 2013.

Gane, Mamiq. Wawancara. Lombok 13 Desember 2014.

Hutomo, Suripan Sadi. Filologi Lisan. Jakarta: CV Lautan Rezeki, 1999

Jakarta, Tim Peneliti Balai Litbang Agama. Koleksi dan Katalogisasi Naskah Klasik Keagamaan Bidang Tasawuf. Jakarta: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Jakarta, 2013.

Kaptein, Nico. The Muhimmata al-Nafasi: A Bilingual Meccan Fatwa Collection for Indonesian Muslims from the End of the Ninteeth Century. Jakarta: INIS, 1997.

Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, Tim. Khazanah Naskah Desa Ketangga, Kecamatan Suela, Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Jakarta: Kementerian Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, 2004.

Kraan, Alfons van Der. Lombok: Conquest, Colonozation, and Underdevlopment 1870-1940. Singapore: Heinemann Educational Books (Asia), Ltd., 1980.

-----. Lombok: Penaklukan, Penjajahan, dan Keterbelakangan 1870-1940, terj. M. Donny Supanra. Mataram: Lengge, 2009.

Marrison, Geoffrey E. Sasak and Javanes Literature of Lombok. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1999.

Mattulada. “Islam di Sulawesi Selatan”, dalam Taufiq Abdullah, Agama dan Perubahan Sosial. Jakarta: CV Rajawali, 1983.

Mulyati, Sri. Mengenal dan Memahami Tarekat-tarekat Muktabarah di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana, 2004.

Pemerintah Provinsi NTB, Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, Museum Negeri NTB, Obat-Obatan Tradisional Lombok. Mataram, 2006.

Shâfi‘î (al), Muḥammad b. Idrîs. al-Risâlah. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmîyah, t.th.

Shahab, Alwi. Robin Hood Betawi. Jakarta: Republika, 2002.

Sudirman. Referensi Muatan Lokal: Gumi Sasak dalam Sejarah. Pringgabaya: Yayasan Budaya Lestari dan KSU Prima Guna, 2007.

Syakur, Ahmad Abd. Islam dan Kebudayaan: Akulturasi Nilai-nilai Islam dalam Budaya Sasak. Yogyakarta: Adab Press UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2006.

Zuhdi, Muhammad Harfin dkk. Visi Kebangsaan Religius: Refleksi Pemikiran dan Perjuangan Tuan Guru Kiyai Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Madjid. Jakarta: Logos, 2004.