Kultus Kiai: Sketsa Tradisi Pesantren

Main Article Content

M. Syamsul Huda


The study on Kiai is a crucial and interesting discussion among the Indonesian Muslim community. This article tries to find the roots of the problem on the emergence of cult tradition towards Kiai, mainly in the pesantren community. The study uses the field observation method, in-depth interview, and interpretation of the results. The research formulates cult tradition towards Kiai within the historical study, model and method of cult transformation, power and kiai’s authority, and a cult's roots among santris’ community. The study finds that cult tradition towards Kiai has emerged from Kiai’s personal power due to his knowledge charisma and his personality as well as institutional charisma as a result of intense and continuous sociological relationships with other institutions.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Huda, M. Syamsul. “Kultus Kiai: Sketsa Tradisi Pesantren”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 1, no. 1 (June 4, 2011): 113–130. Accessed May 28, 2024. https://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/55.


Azra, Azyumardi. Rekonstruksi dan Renungan Religius Islam. Jakarta: Paramadina, 1996.

Boer, Thedoe De. The Development of Husserl Thought, terj. Therdore Palntinga. London: Martinus Nijhoff, t.th.

Dhofir, Zamakhsyari. Tradisi Pesantren: Studi tentang Pandangan Hidup Kiai. Jakarta: LP3ES, 1982.

Greely, Andrew M. Sociology and Religion: a Culture of Readings. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Hakim , Atang Abd. Metodologi Studi Islam. Bandung: Rosdakarya, 2000.

Haviland, William A. Antropology, Vol. 2. Jakarta: Erlangga, 1990.

Ismail, Ibn Qayim. Kiai Penghulu Jawa: Perannya di Masa Kolonial. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1997.

Johnson, Alvin. Encyclopedia of the Social Science, Vol. 3. New York: Mcmillan, 1963.

Liamacom, Malcom. The Sociology of Religion Teoritical And Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge, 1995.

Muctarom, Zainul. Santri dan Abangan di Jawa. Jakarta: INIS, 1988.

Mulkan, Abdul Munir. Runtuhnya Mitos Politik Santri: Strategi Kebudayaan dalam Da’wah Islam. Yogyakarta: Sipress, 1994.

Wallace, Antony F.C. Religion: an Antropology Views. New York: Random House, 1998.

Wallis, Ror. Sectarianisme Analysis Religious and Non Religious Sect. London: Peter Owen, 1975.