Main Article Content
In a semiotic framework, hadith literature can be read as a prophetic text. With this perspective, hadith literature is no longer functional solely in the structure of Islamic legal sources, but more broadly as a language and discourse for the prophetic teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, which in its nature is intended “for all creatures” (li-l-‘ālamīn). This research then tries to reveal how Islamic prophetic language unit is formed in a whole prophetic text discourse. To take Halliday’s approach, a language unit can create its own language environment. Thus, hadith literature, as a medium for the functioning of a particular language unit, can create its own language environment, which is the prophetic language environment. A prophetic language, of course, will only be meaningful in its own ecosocial environment and can also become what is called “antilanguage” for different contexts. Yet, in fact, some hadith literatures show the presence of poetic texts in them. These poetic texts take the form of classical Arabic poetry from the pre-Islamic tradition which, if we refer to Quran 36:69, would be considered incompatible with prophethood. By unraveling the intertwining of these texts, this study seeks to show how the situation of intertextuality can pave the way for a new reading of Islamic prophetic texts. Poetic texts, in this case, may constitute a functional element that makes an important contribution in establishing Islamic prophetic discourse.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
© The Author(s). Published by Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Ushuluddin and Philosophy, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya, Indonesia.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Abdul-Baqi, Muhammad Fuad (ed.). Fath al-Bārī. Cairo: Maktabah Salafiyah, no year.
Al-Dadd, As-Sayyid Ibrahim Muhammad. Muhādlarāt fī al-Adab al-‘Arabī ‘Ashr Shadr al-Islām. Cairo: Jeraisy, 2004.
Al-Dhahir, Muhammad Abdurrahman. Al-Adab fī Shadr al-Islām. Cairo: Al-Husain Al-Islamiyah, 1996.
Al-Isfahani, Abu Nu’aim. Hilyah al-Awliyā’. Cairo: Maktabah Al-Khanji, 1996.
Al-Salamah, Sami bin Muhammad (Ed.). Tafsīr al-Qur`ān al-‘Adhīm li Ibn Katsīr. Riyadl: Dar Thibah, 1999.
Al-Thahhan, Mahmud. Taysīr Mushthalah al-Hadīts. Riyadh: Maktabah Al-Ma’arif, 2010.
Cook, Michael. “The Opponents of the Writing of Tradition in Early Islam.” Arabica, vol. 44, no. 4, (1997): 437–530.
Eco, Umberto. A Theory of Semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1979.
Eco, Umberto. The Role of The Reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.
Faruk. Metode Penelitian Sastra; Sebuah Penjelajahan Awal. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.
Halliday, Michael & Ruqaiya Hasan. Language, Context, and Text: Aspects of Language in a Social-Semiotic Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Halliday, Michael. “Anti-language.” American Anthropologist. Vol. 78, No. 3, (1976): 570-584.
Iser, Wolfgang. The Act of Reading. London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1978.
Khallaf, Abdul Wahhab. ‘Ilm Ushūl al-Fiqh. Cairo: Maktabah Syabab Al-Azhar, 1956.
Leeuwen, Theo Van. Introducing Social Semiotics. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Lord, Albert B. The Singer of Tales. New York: Atheneum, 1971.
Olson, David R. “Oral Discourse in a World of Literacy.” Research in the Teaching of English, Vol. 41, No. 2, (2006): 136-143.
Ong, Walter J. “Orality, Literacy, and Medieval Textualization.” New Literary History, Vol. 16, No. 1, (1984): 1-12.
Riffaterre, Michael. Semiotics of Poetry. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978.
Schoeler, Gregor. “Writing and Publishing on the Use and Function of Writing in the First Centuries of Islam.” Dalam Arabica, vol. 44, no. 3, (1997): 423–435.
Swarup, Ram. Understanding the Hadith. New York: Prometheus Book, 2002.
Sweeney, Amin. A Full Hearing. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.
Teeuw, A. Sastra dan Ilmu Sastra. Bandung: Pustaka Jaya, 2015.
Thibault, Paul J. Brain, Mind, and the Signifying Body. London: Continuum, 2004.
Zaidan, Jurji. Tārīkh Adāb al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyah. Kairo: Dar al-Hilal.
Zaimar, Okke Kusuma Sumantri dan Ayu Basoeki Harahap. Telaah Wacana; Teori dan Penerapannya. Depok: Komodo Books, 2011.