Tiktok and Political Communication of Youth: A Systematic Review

Main Article Content

Isni Hindriaty Hindarto


This research systematically reviewed 30 Scopus indexed journal articles from several countries, with a focus on youth political communication through the TikTok platform.  All articles were published between January 2018 – July 2022 along with the rapid growth of TikTok as the most popular social media, and some overseas political activities that took advantage of the unique and superior features of TikTok. Through a qualitative and quantitative approach, the researcher found a significant increase of youth interest in political practices that are presented in 15-second videos. This study aims to provide learning materials of political communication through TikTok application and pave the way for politicians to engage more youth participation. Recommendations for future research are provided.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hindarto, I. H. (2022). Tiktok and Political Communication of Youth: A Systematic Review. JRP (Jurnal Review Politik), 12(2), 146–176. https://doi.org/10.15642/jrp.2022.12.2.146-176


Ahmad, T., Alvi, A., & Ittefaq, M. (2019). The use of social media on political participation among university students: An analysis of survey results from rural Pakistan. Sage Open, 9(3), 2158244019864484.

Alonso López, N., Sidorenko Bautista, P., & Giacomelli, F. (2021). Beyond challenges and viral dance moves: TikTok as a vehicle for disinformation and fact-checking in Spain, Portugal, Brazil, and the USA.

Anderson, K.E. (2020). Getting acquainted with social networks and apps: It is time to talk about TikTok. Library hi tech news. DOI: 10.1108/LHTN-01-2020-0001

Arackal, F. (2015). Social Media as a Tool of Political Communication. In Conference Paper, Jaipur,

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/300370737_Social_Media_as_a_Tool_for_Political_Communication (Erişim: 17.03. 2019).

Aronson, E. D. (2012). Cyber-politics: How new media has revolutionized electoral politics in the United States. Colgate Academic Review, 9(1), 7.

Bandy, J., & Diakopoulos, N. (2020). # TulsaFlop: A Case Study of Algorithmically-Influenced Collective Action on TikTok. arXiv preprint arXiv:2012.07716.

Bautista, P. S., Alonso-López, N., & Giacomelli, F. (2021). Fact-checking in TikTok. Communication and narrative forms to combat misinformation. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, (79), 87-112.

Beciu, C. (2009). Comunicare şi discurs mediatic/ Communication and media discourse. Bucharest: Communicare.ro.

Becker, A. B. (2021). Getting Out the Vote on Twitter With Mandy Patinkin: Celebrity Authenticity, TikTok, and the Couple You Actually Want at Thanksgiving Dinner... or Your Passover Seder. International Journal of Communication, 15, 20.

Bogle, A & Edraki, F. (2019, September 19). Students are fighting climate change, one TikTok video at a time. ABC news. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-09- 19/tiktok-youth-led-climate-activism-school-strike/11520474

Blumler, J. G. (1995). Three ages of political communication. Revue de l'Institut de sociologie, (1-2), 31-45.

Brants, K. & Voltmer, K. (2011). Political communication in Postmodern Democracy. Challenging the Primacy of Politics. Londra: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bossetta, Michael. 2018. The digital architectures of social media: Comparing political campaigning on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat in the 2016 U.S. Election. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 95(2). 471–496. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699018763307.

Budiardjo, M. (Ed.). (1998). Partisipasi dan partai politik: sebuah bunga rampai. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Burns-Stanning, K. (2020). Identity in communities and networks TikTok social networking site empowering youth civic engagement. In The 11th Debating Communities and Networks Conference (Vol. 27, pp. 1-11).

Boyd, d. (2007). Why youth heart social network sites: The role of networked publics in teenage social life. School of information, 119–142. DOI: 10.1162/dmal.9780262524834.119

Cervi, L., Tejedor, S., & Lladó, C. M. (2021). TikTok and the new language of political communication. Cultura, Lenguaje y Representación, 26, 267-287.

Cindy Mutia Annur. (2022). Jumlah Pengguna TikTok Terus Bertambah Setiap Tahunnya, Ini Data Terbarunya. Databox.co.id.


Curran & M. Gurevitch (Eds.), Mass media and society (3rd ed., pp. 70–92). London.

David Curry. (2022). TikTok Report 2022. Holistic overview of the most popular app of 2020 and 2021. Business of Apps. https://www.businessofapps.com/data/tiktok-report/

Daniel Ruby (2022). TikTok User Statistics (2022): How many TikTok Users Are There? Demandsage.com. https://www.demandsage.com/tiktok-user-statistics/

Denton, R. E., & Woodward, G. C. (1990). Political Communication in America. NY: Praeger.

Doni003. (2022). Politik Digital Anak Muda. Kominfo.go.id.


Ekström, Mats and Sveningsson, Malin. 2019. “Young people’s experiences of political membership: from political parties to Facebook groups”. Information, Communication & Society, v. 22, n. 2: 155–171. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2017.1358294

Foa, R.S.; Klassen, A.; Wenger, D.; Rand, A. and M. Slade. 2020. Youth and Satisfaction with Democracy. Cambridge: Centre for the Future of Democracy.

Garrett, R. K. (2019). Social media’s contribution to political misperceptions in US Presidential elections. PloS one, 14(3), e0213500.

Gil de Zúñiga, Homero; Ardèvol-Abreu, Alberto and Casero-Ripollés, Andreu. 2021. “WhatsApp political discussion, conventional participation and activism: exploring direct, indirect and generational effects”. Information, Communication & Society, 24.2: 201–218, DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2019.1642933

Golding, P., & Murdock, G. (2000). Culture, communications and political economy. In J.

Guinaudeau, B., Vottax, F., & Munger, K. (2020). Fifteen seconds of fame: TikTok and the democratization of mobile video on social media. Unpublished paper. Disponible en Internet: https://osf. io/f7ehq/download [Consulta: 7 de Diciembre de 2020].

Hartley, J. (2013). Silly citizenship. In Self-Mediation (pp. 17-32). Routledge.

Hatfield, C. (2020). Social media, traditional media, the public, and the US President: evolution through the Barack Obama and Donald Trump presidencies.

Herrman, J. (2020). TikTok is shaping politics. But how. The New York Times, 28.

Harris, C. (2019). Missing the Mark: Obama and Trump's use of similar communication strategies.

Hautea, S., Parks, P., Takahashi, B., & Zeng, J. (2021). Showing they care (or don’t): Affective publics and ambivalent climate activism on TikTok. Social Media+ Society, 7(2), 20563051211012344.

Hernandez, A. (2022). TikTok’s Strategic Influence on Political Communication and Campaigns. California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Hodkinson, P. (2017). Bedrooms and beyond: Youth, identity and privacy on social network sites. New Media and Society, 19(2), 272–288. DOI: 10.1177/1461444815605454

Kang, C. (2019, February 27). F.T.C. hits Musical.ly with record fine for child privacy vio- lation. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/27/technology/ftc-tiktok- child-privacy-fine.html

Kata, A. (2010). A postmodern Pandora’s box: Anti-vaccination misinformation on the Internet. Vaccine, 28(7), 1709–1716.

Keane, J. (1991). The media and democracy. Cambridge.; Polity Press.

Keane, J. (2018). Structural transformations of the public sphere. In The Media, Journalism and Democracy (pp. 53-74). Routledge.

Kitchenham, B., & Charters, S. (2007). Guidelines for performing systematic literature reviews in software engineering.

Kitanova, Magdelina. 2020. “Youth political participation in the EU: evidence from a cross-national analysis”. Journal of Youth Studies, 23:7: 819–836, DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2019.1636951.

Kellner, D. (2018). Donald Trump and the politics of lying. In Post-Truth, Fake News (pp. 89-100). Springer, Singapore.

Krishna, A. (2017). Motivation with misinformation: Conceptualizing lacuna individuals and publics as knowledge-deficient, issue-negative activists. Journal of Public Relations Research, 29(4), 176–193.

Lane, D. S., & Dal Cin, S. (2018). Sharing beyond Slacktivism: The effect of socially observable prosocial media sharing on subsequent offline helping behaviours. Information, Communication & Society, 21(11), 1523-1540. DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1340496

Li, K., Rollins, J., & Yan, E. (2018). Web of Science use in published research and review papers 1997–2017: A selective, dynamic, cross-domain, content-based analysis. Scientometrics, 115(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-017-2622-5

Lim, S. (2020). Academic Library Guides for Tackling Fake News: A Content Analysis. The Journal of Academic Librarianship. 46(5). 102195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2020.102195

Lim, Y. J. (2020). The PESTEL model application to Ok Boomer and TikTok from a public relations perspective. Journal of Media Research-Revista de Studii Media, 13(37), 94-110.

Literat, I., & Kligler-Vilenchik, N. (2019). Youth collective political expression on social media: The role of affordances and memetic dimensions for voicing political views. New media & society, 21(9), 1988-2009.

Loader, B. D., & Mercea, D. (2011). Networking democracy? Social media innovations and participatory politics. Information, communication & society, 14(6), 757-769.

Lorenz, T. (2020, February 27). The political pundits of TikTok. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/27/style/tiktok-politics-bernie-trump.html

Lasswell, H. (1927). Propaganda technique in the world war/Harold D. Lasswell. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co.

Lee, J. (2010). 10 year retrospect on stage models of e-Government: A qualitative meta-synthesis. Government information quarterly, 27(3), 220-230.

Mascheroni, G., & Murru, M. F. (2017). “I can share politics but I don’t discuss it”: everyday practices of political talk on Facebook. Social Media+ Society, 3(4), 2056305117747849.

McBain, W. (2021). TikTok Wins Over Africa’s Youth. African Business. https://african.business/2021/10/finance-services/tiktok-wins-over-africas-youth/

MacDougall, C. D. (1958). Hoaxes. Dover

McNair, B. (2017). An introduction to political communication. Routledge.

McQuail, Dennis (1994): Mass Communication Theory: An Introduction, 3rd ed. London: SAGE.

Men, L. R., Tsai, W. H. S., 2013. Beyond liking or public engagement on social networking sites in 39(1), 13-22.

Medina Serrano, J. C., Papakyriakopoulos, O., & Hegelich, S. (2020, July). Dancing to the partisan beat: A first analysis of political communication on TikTok. In 12th ACM conference on web science (pp. 257-266).

Miller, F. (1998). Aristotle’s political theory.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. BMJ, 339(jul21 1), b2535–b2535. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.b2535

Montag, C., Yang, H., & Elhai, J. D. (2021). On the Psychology of TikTok Use: A First Glimpse From Empirical Findings. Frontiers in Public Health, 9(641673). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpub h.2021.641673

Narido, R. A., Agustin, D. C., Tan, K. C., & Alibudbud, R. (2022). Sociodemographic characteristics, social media use, political agenda, filipino values, and social media interaction as determinants of election participation among young adult filipinos. Social Sciences, Humanities and Education Journal (SHE Journal), 3(2), 185-199.

Oparaugo, B. (2021). Media and Politics: Political Communication in the Digital Age. Available at SSRN 3780554.

Otrokov, O. (2021). Transformation directions of the Russian youth political participation in the non-profit organizations activities and youth self-government bodies. Ilkogretim Online, 20(5).

Pearson, E. (2009). All the World Wide Web’s a stage: The performance of identity in online social networks. First Monday, 14(3–2).https://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/download/2162/2127

Perry, L., & Joyce, P. (2018). Tweeting on the Campaign Trail: The When, How, and What of Donald Trump’s Tweets. In The Role of Twitter in the 2016 US Election (pp. 63-74). Palgrave Pivot, Cham.

Pooter, J. W. (2011). Media literacy (7th ed.). California: SAGE. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424396.003.0018

Porter, C.E. (2015). Virtual communities and social networks. In L. Cantoni & J. A. Danowski (Eds.), Communication and technology, (pp 161–179). De Gruyter, INC. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/curtin/detail.action?docID=1759936#

Price, H. (2019, November 6). TikTok activism: ‘We’re changing the world in 15 seconds’: Why some teens are using short, shareable social media videos to deal with big issues affecting them. BBC news.

Prins, A. (2020). Analysing Celebrity Politics from Obama to Trump. Celebrity Studies, 11(4), 504-507.

Pruitt, Lesaley. J. 2017. “Different Ways, Different Domains: The Everyday Politics of Young People''. In Citizenship And Political Participation: Combatting Civic Deficit? (pp. 77–103), eds. Mark Chou, Jean-Paul Gagnon, Catherine Hartung, Lesley Pruitt, Young People. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Quintelier, E., & Vissers, S. (2008). The effect of internet use on political participation: An analysis of survey results for 16-Year-olds in Belgium. Social Science Computer Review, 26, 411-427.

Rainsford, Emily. 2017. “Exploring youth political activism in the united kingdom: what makes young people politically active in different organisations?”. Br. J. Politics Int. Relations, 19: 790–806. doi: 10.1177/1369148117728666.

Sadler, O. (2022). Defiant Amplification or Decontextualized Commercialization? Protest Music, TikTok, and Social Movements. Social Media+ Society, 8(2), 20563051221094769.

Shiu, E., Hassan, L. M., & Walsh, G. (2009). Demarketing tobacco through governmental policies–The 4Ps revisited. Journal of Business Research, 62(2), 269-278.

Simon Kemp. (2022). Digital 2022: Juli Global Statshot Report. Datarepotal. https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2022-july-global-statshot

Silverman, Craig. (2015).Journalism: A Tow/Knight Report."Lies, Damn Lies, and Viral Content". Columbia Journalism Review.

SMPERTH. (2022). TikTok Statistics for 2022 // Facts & Figures. https://www.smperth.com/resources/tiktok/tiktok-statistics/

Sodani, T., & Mendenhall, S. (2021). Binge-Swiping Through Politics: TikTok’s Emerging Role in American Government. Journal of Student Research, 10(2)

Stier, S., Bleier, A., Lietz, H., & Strohmaier, M. (2018). Election campaigning on social media: Politicians, audiences, and the mediation of political communication on Facebook and

Coyle, D. (2018). Practical competition policy implications of digital platforms. Antitrust LJ, 82, 835.

Stieglitz, S., & Dang-Xuan, L. (2013). Social media and political communication: a social media analytics framework. Social network analysis and mining, 3(4), 1277-1291.

Talpin, J. 2006. Jouer les bons citoyens. Les effets contrastés de l’engagement au sein de dispositifs participatifs. Politix 19(75): 13–31.

Tasente, T. (2013). Transformations of the political communication in social media era–from mediatization to decentralization. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio, 8(1).

Van der Linden, S. (2015). The conspiracy-effect: Exposure to conspiracy theories (about global warming) decreases pro-social behavior and science acceptance. Personality and Individual Differences, 87, 171–173.

Veil, S. R., Reno, J., Freihaut, R., & Oldham, J. (2015). Online activists vs. Kraft foods: A case of social media hijacking. Public Relations Review, 41(1), 103–108.

Vitak, J., Zube, P., Smock, A., Carr, C., Ellison, N., & Lampe, C. (2009, May). Poking” people to participate: Facebook and political participation in the 2008 election. In Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, Chicago, IL.

Vijay, D., & Gekker, A. (2021). Playing politics: How Sabarimala played out on TikTok. American behavioral scientist, 65(5), 712-734.

Zhang, Z. (2021). Infrastructuralization of Tik Tok: Transformation, power relationships, and platformization of video entertainment in China. Media, Culture & Society, 43(2), 219-236.

Zolfagharifard, E. (2019, April 17). The incredible rise of TikTok in the West raises questions for regulators. The Telegraph. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/04/03/ incredible-rise-tiktok-west-raises-questions-regulators/