Prinsip dan Ajaran Tasawuf ‘Abd Allâh al-Haddâd

Main Article Content

Fikri Mahzumi

Abstract

‘Abd Allâh al-Haddâd is a prominent figure who greatly influences many parts of the world, including Indonesia. His mystical teachings (tasawwuf), which are Sunni, akhlâqî and ‘amalî, are oriented to guide society's morality and, therefore, are more acceptable. A variety of his work, both in the form of books, wird, kasidah, and his Râtib are widely spread and practiced by many people, especially his followers. Al-Haddâd’s mystical orientation also emphasizes the socio-moral movement. Among his mystical teachings are science, charity, khawf, wara, and sincerity which are based on al-Qur’ân, the Sunnah of the Prophet, and the example of the pious Salaf. Here, al-Haddâd was able to make renewal in the field of Sufism by reforming the segment and the orientation of the tarekat. If in the past tarekat was only familiar to elites, it then has been converged by al-Haddâd into two different segments, i.e., the tarekat of elite and the tarekat of public, with the same orientation that is approaching to God. Through this reorientation, al-Haddâd had attempted to present Sufism as a social movement that raises morale for both individuals and social groups.


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mahzumi, Fikri. “Prinsip Dan Ajaran Tasawuf ‘Abd Allâh Al-Haddâd”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 2, no. 1 (June 4, 2012): 1–28. Accessed January 30, 2023. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/5.
Section
Articles

References

Alatas, Ismail Fajrie. “‘Abdallâh b. ‘Alawî al-Haddâd”, dalam The Encyclopaedia of Islam Three, Kate Fleet, Et al. (Ed.), Leiden: Brill, 2012.

-----. “A New Resurgence? The Bâ‘alawî & Islamic Revival in Post-Soeharto Indonesia”, at the Conference, Islam, Trade and Culture: The Roles of the Arabs in Southeast Asia, Thesis organized by the National Library of Singapore and the National University of Singapore. Singapore 10 & 11 April 2010.

‘Aydarûs (al), Muhammad Hasan. Ashrâf Hadramawt wa Dawruhum fî Nashr al-Islâm bi Janûb Sharq Âsiyâ. Abu Dhabi: Dâr al-Mutanabbî, t.th.

Armstrong, Amatullah. Sufi Terminology (al-Qamus al-Sufi): The Mystical Language of Islam. Malaysia: A.S. Noordeen, 1995.

Badawî (al), Mustafâ. al-Imâm al-Haddâd: Mujaddid Qarn al-Thânî ‘Ashar. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, 1414 H./1994 M.

Baghdâdî (al), ‘Abd. al-Qâhir. al-Farq bayn al-Firâq. Mesir: Matba‘at Muhammad ‘Ali Sabîh wa Awlâdih, t.th.

Dewan Redaksi Ensiklopedi Islam, Ensiklopedi Islam, II, V. Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 1993.

Habshî (al), Ahmad b. Zayn. Sharh al-‘Ayniyyât. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional, 1987.

Haddâd (al), ‘Abd Allâh. al-Nafâ’is al-‘Ulûwîyah fî al-Masâ’il al-Sûfîyah. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwi, 1414 H/1993 M.

-----. al-Da‘wah al-Tâmmah wa al-Tadhkîrah al-‘Ȃmmah. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. IV, 1421 H./2000 M.

-----. al-Fusûl al-‘Ilmîyah wa al-Usûl al-Hikamîyah. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. III, 1418 H./1997 M.

-----. al-Nasâ’ih al-Dînîyah wa al-Wasâyâ al-Îmânîyah. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. III, 1420 H./1999 M.

-----. Ithâf al-Sâ’il bi Jawâb al-Masâ’il. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. I, 1414 H./1993 M.

-----. Risâlah Adâb Sulûk al-Murîd. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. I, 1414 H./1993 M.

-----. Risâlah al-Mu‘âwanah wa l-Muzâharah wa al-Mu’âzarah li al-Râghibîn min al-Mu’minîn fi Sulûk Tarîqah al-Ȃkhirah. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. II, 1414 H./1993 M.

-----. Sabîl al-Idhkâr wa al-I’tibâr bi Mâ Yamurru bi al-Insân wa Yaqtadî Lahu Min al-A’mâr. Yaman: Dâr al-Hâwî, Cet. I, 1418 H./1997 M.

Ibrâhîm, ‘Umar. Thariqah ‘Alawiyyah: Napak Tilas dan Studi Kritis atas Sosok dan Pemikiran Allamah Sayyid ‘Abdullah al-Haddâd Tokoh Sufi Abad ke-17. Bandung: Penerbit Mizan, 2001.

Kahâlah, ‘Umar Ridâ. Mu‘jam al-Mu’allifîn, Vol. V. Beirut: Dâr Ihyâ’ al-Turâth al-‘Arabî, t.th.

Madjid, Nurcholis. Kontekstualisasi Doktrin Islam dalam Sejarah. Jakarta: Yayasan Wakaf Paramadina, 1994.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Tasauf Dulu dan Sekarang. Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1991.

Nûh, ‘Abd Allâh b. dan Diyâ’ Shihâb. al-Imâm al-Muhâjir: Ahmad b. ‘Îsâ b. Muhammad b. ‘Alî al-‘Uraydly mâ Lahu wa li Naslihi wa li Aimmati min Aslâfihi min al-Fadlâ’il wa al-Ma’âthir. Saudi Arabia: Dâr al-Shurûq, 1980.

Schofield, Richard N., Gerald Henry Blake. Arabian Boundaries: Primary Documents, 1853-1957, Volume 22. Inggris: Archive Editions, 1988.

Shahrastânî (al), Muhammad b. ‘Abd. al-Karîm b. Ahmad. al-Milâl wa al-Nihâl. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, t.th.

Shajjâr (al), Ahmad b. ‘Abd al-Karîm al-Hâwî. Tathbît al-Fu’âd bi Dhikr Majâlis al-Qutb Abdullâh al-Haddâd. tk., tp., t.th.

Shâtirî (al), Muhammad b. Ahmad. Adwâr al-Tarîkh al-Hadrâmî, Vol I. Jeddah: ‘Alam al-Ma’rifsh,1392H./1972 M.

-----. Shirât al-Salaf min Banî ‘Alawî al-Husayniyyîn. Saudi Arabia: Mamlakat al-‘Arâbîyah al-Sa‘ûdîyah, 1367 H. / 1947 M.

Sumayt, Zayn b. Ibrâhîm b. Bahzah al-Zamân wa Salwah al-Ahzân. Mesir: Matba‘ah al-Bâb al-Halâbî, t.th.

White, Svend A. “Sociologists And Sufis: A Reassessment Of Sainthood In Early Sufism In Light Of New Developments In Sociology”, Thesis. Georgia: Georgia University, 2008.

Yâfi’î (al), Salâh al-Bakrî. Tarîkh Hadramaut al-Siyâsî, Vol. I. Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Salafîyah, 1343 H.

Zarkalî (al), Khayr al-Dîn. al-A’lâm Qâmûs Tarâjum al-Ashhur al-Rijâl wa al-Nisâ’ min al-Gharb wa al-Musta’mirîn wa al-Mustashriqîn, Vol. 3. Beirut: Dâr ‘Ilm al-Malâyîn, t.th.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadhramaut. (12/Juni/2012).