Relasi antara Tuhan dan Manusia Menurut Pandangan Ibrāhīm al-Kurānī

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Frenky Mubarok

Abstract

This article describes the concepts of relationship of God and man from theological point of view along with Sufism. It focuses on Ibrāhīm al-Kurānī’s view on the issue. This article confirms that al-Kurānī attempts to reconcile theological views of Ash‘arīyah and the divine worldviews of the Sufis, especially that of Ibn ‘Arabī’s philosophical Sufism. Al-Kurānī argues that there has been interconnectedness between common concepts expressed by the Sufis such as wadat al-wujūd and tajallī and the concept of al-kasb promulgated by Ash‘arīyah. The author finds that the concepts of ittiād and ulūl are not two mystical concepts that explain the relationship of God and man, rather these two concepts are a mere psychological condition sensed and experienced by the Sufis who try to enter the realm of marifat. Al-Kūrānī also argues that the relation of God and man can be explained through the concept of tajallī. He sees that this concept is compatible with Ash‘arīyah’s concept of al-kasb. Al-Kūrānī adds that causality is not an undoubtedly exact matter. It means that the causality does not discord against the notion of wadat al-wujūd.

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Mubarok, Frenky. “Relasi Antara Tuhan Dan Manusia Menurut Pandangan Ibrāhīm Al-Kurānī”. TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 7, no. 1 (June 2, 2017): 119-145. Accessed September 24, 2020. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/179.
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