The Struggle for Spiritual Authority from the Holy Land to Indonesia: Reference from the Tarekat Naqshabandiyya Jabal Hindi (TNJH) in North Sumatra

Main Article Content

Uqbatul Khoir Rambe
Nurliana Damanik
Aprilinda M Harahap

Abstract

This article discusses the struggle for spiritual authority between Sulaymān al-Zuhdī as “Shaykh Jabal Abi Qubais” and Khalil Hamdi Basya as “Shaykh Jabal Hindi.” The conflict occurred in several stages from the beginning, and finally, Hamdi Basya moved on to Sulaymān al-Zuhdī. Although this clash of the leadership in the Tarekat Naqshabandiyya Khālidiyya (TNK) occurred in the holy land in Mecca, it also influences Indonesia. While the Tarekat Naqshabandiyya Jabal Abi Qubis (TNJAQ) network is barely found in Indonesia, the trail of the Tarekat Naqshabandiyya Jabal Hindi (TNJH) was encountered. By analyzing through a historical approach and interviewing several authoritative individuals, the research discovered that TNJH has been developing in Indonesia, especially in North Sumatra, and has widely spread within some areas, particularly Medan, Binjai, and Deli Serdang. It was also found that this Sufi order primaries the balance of dhikr al-qalb and dhikr al-‘aql by mentioning Allah and paying attention to the creation in the process of tazkīyat al-nafs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khoir Rambe, Uqbatul, Nurliana Damanik, and Aprilinda M Harahap. “The Struggle for Spiritual Authority from the Holy Land to Indonesia: Reference from the Tarekat Naqshabandiyya Jabal Hindi (TNJH) in North Sumatra”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 10, no. 2 (December 20, 2020): 204–225. Accessed April 21, 2021. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/1523.
Section
Articles

References

A. Book/Journal

‘Abdilah, Muhammad Saleh bin. Rahasia Agama dan Tasauf. Surabaya: Yayasan Dakwah Islam, 1981.

‘Abdullah, W. Muh. Shagir. Syekh Ismail al-Minangkabawi Penyiar Tharekat Naqsyabandiyah Khālidiyya. Solo: Ramadani, 1985.

Algar, Hamid. “The Naqsabandi Order: A Preliminary Survei of Its History and Significance”, Studia Islamica, Vol. 44, 1976.

al-Merbawi, Abdul Manan bin Mohammad et.al. “Tarekat Naqshabandiyah Khalidiyyah in Malaysia: A Study on the Leadership of Haji Ishaq bin Muhammad Arif”, Miqot, Vol. 36, No. 2, 2012.

Ansari, Hamid. “India and the Persian Gulf”, Atish Sinha and Madhup Mohta (eds.), Indian Foreign Policy: Challenges and Opportunities. New Delhi: Academic Foundation, 2007.

Badawi, Abdelfattah Mohsen. A Journey to Self-Peace. USA: Trafford Publishing, 2012.

Bruinessen, Martin van. “The Origins and Development of Sufi Orders in Southeast Asia”, Jurnal Islamika, Vol. 21, 2016.

-----. “The Origins and Development of the Naqshbandi Order in Indonesia”, Der Islam, Vol. 67, 1990.

-----. Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan, 1993.

“Fatwa MUI Sumut Telah Dicabut” dalam “http://www.babur-ridho-rahmatullah.com/post/Accessed on 5 June 2020.

Ḥusaynī (al), Muḥammad b. ‘Abd al-Karīm al-Kisnazan. Mawsu‘at al-Kisnazan fī mā Istalaḥā ‘alayh Ahl al-Taṣawwuf wa al-‘Irfān, Vol. 14. Suriah: Dar al-Maḥabbah, 2005.

Hanif, N. Biographical Encyclopedia of Sufis: South Asia. New Delhi: Sarup and Sons, 2000), 258.

Hoddin, M. Sholeh. “Konsep Taubat Tarekat Naqshabandîyah Muzharîyah”, Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2012.

Hurgronje, Snouck. Mekka in the Later Part of the 19th Century: Daily Life, Customs and Learning. Leiden: Brill, 2007.

Ilyas, Ahmad Fauzi. “Pemikiran Fikih Syaikh Muhammad Zain Batubara: Fidiah Salat dan Puasa”, Miqot, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2007.

Khanī (al), ‘Abd al-Majīd bin Muḥammad. al-Ḥadāiq al-Wardīyah fī Ḥaqāiq Ajlai al-Naqshabandīyah. Irbil: Wizārat al-Tarbīyah, 2002.

Kraus, Warner. “Some Notes of Introduction of The Naqsabandiyah Khālidiyya Into Indonesia”, in Marc Gaborioeau, et.al. (ed.), Naqshabandis Cheminemens et Situation Actulen d’un Ordre Mystque Musulman. Istanbul: ISIS, 1990.

Laffan, Michael. The Making of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.

Mahyuddin, Muhammad Khairi et.al., “The Arrival of Naqshabandi Order from Hijaj to the Malay World: 16th until the Early 19th Century”, International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2013.

Rahmawati, et.al., “Makna Zikir Bagi Jemaah Tarekat Naqshabandīyah Khālīdīyah Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid Tasawuf Indonesia di Kota Gorontalo”, Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2018.

Rambe, Uqbatul Khoir. “Tarekat di Pesantren Babur Ridho Ahli Tarekat Naqsyabandi Jabal Hindi”. Thesis--Program Pascasarjana, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Medan, 2004.

The Wahid Institute, Monthly Report on Religious Issues, 26 2010, 1-2.

Zahri, Mustafa. Kunci Memahami Ilmu Tasauf. Surabaya: Bina Ilmu, 1979.

Zayn, Muḥammad. Majmū‘ Mushtamil ‘alā Jumlah Thalāthah Rasā’il. Penang: Zi United Quraish, n.d.

B. Interview

Interview with Fahmi. Sumatera Utara, April 24, 2020.

Interview with Hendra. Sumatera Utara, April 24, 2020.

Interview with Sahbuddin. Sumatera Utara, April 20, 2020.