Titik Temu Transpersonal Psychology dan Tasawuf

Main Article Content

Khadijah Khadijah

Abstract

This article aims to introduce transpersonal psychology approach, especially its meeting point with the world of Sufism in Islam. The article tries to answer the following questions, are: 1) what is the difference between transpersonal psychology and other psycho-logical theories, and; 2) in what aspect transpersonal psychology shares a common ground with Sufism? The writer finds that there is a significant difference between transpersonal psychology and other psychological theories, especially psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Psychoanalysis emphasizes the deepest meaning of human behavior with a tendency to override the meaning of physical aspect. Behaviorism has been strongly influenced by pure science. In fact, research on the human psyche aspect cannot be done simply by applying pure science. Meanwhile, transpersonal psychology tries to fundamentally reinforce and develop human potential, both physical and mental aspects. Moreover, this approach reaches supernatural and spiritual aspects of human beings. The writer tends to argue that the common ground shared by the mystical aspects of the Western world, in the perspective of transpersonal psychology, and Sufism in Islam lays in the fact that each entity puts great emphasis on managing and increasing the spiritual aspect of human.


Keywords: transpersonal psychology, tasawuf, common ground.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khadijah, Khadijah. “Titik Temu Transpersonal Psychology Dan Tasawuf”. TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 4, no. 2 (December 8, 2014): 382-403. Accessed October 27, 2020. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/14.
Section
Articles

References

‘Arabî, Muhy al-Dîn Ibn. al-Futuhât al-Makkîyah, Vol. 3. Mesir: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Arabîyah, 1997.
Budiharjo, Paulus. Mengenal Teori Kepribadian Mutakhir. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1997.
Crapps, Robert W. Dialog Psikologi dan Agama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1993.
Fromm, Erich. The Art of Living. New York: Harper and Row, 1956.
James, William. The Varieties of Religious Experiences. t.t.: The New American Library, 1958.
Maslow, Abraham H. The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. Canada: Penguin Books, 1971.
Mohamed, Yasien. Insan yang Suci: Konsep Fitrah dalam Islam. Bandung: Mizan, 1995.
Muhammad, Hasyim. “Maqamat dan Ahwal dalam Tradisi Tasawuf dan Psikologi Humanistik Abraham H. Maslow”. Tesis--IAIN Walisongo Semarang, 2000.
Runyon, Andrey Hebert Ricard P. Fundamentals of Psychology. New York: Random House, 1986.
Tart, Charles T. Transpersonal Psychology. London: Harper and Row, 1975.