Eksistensi dan Gerakan Dakwah Tarekat Ṣiddîqîyah di Tengah Masyarakat Urban Surabaya

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Muhammad Shodiq

Abstract

The article attempts to analyze the existence of Tarekat Ṣiddîqîyah community in Surabaya focusing on its struggle and development process from minority to be relatively a well-established Sufi order, which has many branches in many areas in Indonesia. In Surabaya, Tarekat Ṣiddîqîyah has established four branches of the caliphate, which locate in Tandes, Perumahan Pondok Candra, Karangrejo Wonokromo, and Manukan Kulon. It has also founded a branch that focuses on education in Nglampis Ngasem. The author finds that Tarekat Ṣiddîqîyah promulgated its teachings in Surabaya by spreading information manually, from person to person and coordination among its followers, and formation of spiritual organizations, namely YPS and Orshid. The advent of Ṣiddîqîyah to Surabaya has been done through infiltration, identification, coordination, and mobilization. In addition, the author finds that there have been various motives of Surabaya people in adhering Ṣiddîqîyah, such as improving their religious knowledge, joining a socio-spiritual community/fraternity, having a lifeline in the form of dhikr and wirid, and having prayer to prevent themselves from committing immoral deeds (tolak balak). The followers of Ṣiddîqîyah also claim that the tarekat has been able to fulfil their spiritual needs. Social interaction of Ṣiddîqîyah’s members amongst Surabaya people, in general, runs peacefully and harmoniously for they can assimilate and adapt to the local culture.

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How to Cite
Shodiq, Muhammad. “Eksistensi Dan Gerakan Dakwah Tarekat Ṣiddîqîyah Di Tengah Masyarakat Urban Surabaya”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 5, no. 2 (December 7, 2015): 346–375. Accessed February 27, 2021. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/115.
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