Revitalisasi Paradigma Kefilsafatan dalam Tradisi Akademik Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam

Main Article Content

Fawaizul Umam

Abstract

This article proposed to revitalize a philosophical paradigm in the academic tradition of Islamic Higher Education (IHE) as a scientific endeavour to pave the way for the revival of Islamic civilization. IHE was selected because its academic tradition institutionally is more likely to hold it than other Islamic educational institutions such as pesantren that tends to play a “prophetic” role as the guardian of religious orthodoxy. The revitalization held to establish three agendas, namely (1) terminating the dichotomous epistemology and then moving on an integrative epistemology, (2) applying multidisciplinary approaches in scientific activities, and (3) strengthening the spirit of criticism and freedom of thought as fundamental principles of the scientific dynamics. Due to the academic traditions concerning intellectual praxis, the agendas have to paint the scientific activities in IHE, from the design of sciences to norms of intellectual promiscuity. Establishing three agendas into the academic tradition paradigmatically will enable IHE to create significant contributions to the revival of Islamic civilization in the future.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Umam, Fawaizul. “Revitalisasi Paradigma Kefilsafatan Dalam Tradisi Akademik Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 5, no. 2 (December 7, 2015): 404–430. Accessed February 27, 2021. http://jurnalfuf.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/111.
Section
Articles

References

Abdullah, M. Amin. “Al-Ta’wîl al-‘Ilmî: Kearah Perubahan Paradigma Penafsiran Kitab Suci”, al-Jâmi‘ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 39, No. 2, July-December, 2001.

Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im, “Translator’s Introduction,” dalam Mahmoud Mohamed Taha, The Second Message of Islam. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

-----. Toward an Islamic Reformation: Civil Liberties, Human Rights, and International Law. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1990.

Arkoun, Mohammed. “Rethinking Islam Today”, dalam Mapping Islamic Studies: Genealogy, Continuity and Change, ed. Azim Nanji. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1997.

-----. al-Fikr al-Uṣûlî wa Istiḥâlat al-Ta’ṣîl: Naḥw Târîkh Âkhar li al-Fikr al-Islâmî. London: Dâr al-Sâqî, 2002.

-----. Tarîkhîyat al-Fikr al-‘Arabî al-Islâmî. Lebanon: Markaz al-Inmâ’ al-Qawmî, 1986.

-----. The Unthought in Contemporary Islamic Thought. London: Saqi Books—The Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2002.

Arsalan, Amir Shakib. Limâdhâ Ta’akhkhar al-Muslimûn wa Limâdhâ Taqaddam Ghayruhum. Beirut: Dâr Maktabah al-Ḥâyah, 1965.

Fadl, Khaled M. Abou El. The Great Theft: Wrestling Islam from the Extremists. New York: HarperSanFrancisco, 2005.

Fakhry, Majid. A History of Islamic Philosophy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Haskins, Charles Homer. The Rise of Universities. New York: Cornel University Press, 1965.

Haug, W.F. “Gramsci’s ‘Philosophy of Praxis’: Camouflage or Refoundation of Marxist Thought?”, Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 14, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2000.

Jâbirî (al), Muḥammad ‘Âbid. al-Turâth wa al-Ḥadâthah: Dirâsât wa Munâqashât. Beirut: Markaz Dirâsât al-Waḥdah al-‘Arabîyah, 1999.

-----. Bunyat al-‘Aql al-‘Arabî: Dirâsah Taḥlîlîyah Naqdîyah li Nuẓum al-Ma‘rifah fî al-Thaqâfah al-‘Arabîyah. Beirut: al-Markaz al-Thaqâfî al-‘Arabî, 1993.

Jaiz, Hartono Ahmad. Ada Pemurtadan di IAIN. Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2005.

Kartanegara (ed.), Mulyadhi. Pengantar Studi Islam. Jakarta: UIN Jakarta Press, 2012.

Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions—International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Vol. 2, No. 2. Chicago: the University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Lewis, Bernard. What Went Wrong? Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Martin, Richard C. Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1985.

Mayer, Ann Elizabeth. Islam and Human Rights: Tradition and Politics. Colorado USA: Westview Press, 1999.

Moosa, Ebrahim. “Introduction,” dalam Fazlur Rahman, Revival and Reform in Islam: A Study of Islamic Fundamentalism. Oxford: Oneworld Publicaton, 2000.

Nasution, Harun. Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya. Jakarta: UI Press, 1979.

Nitiprawira, F. Wahono. Teologi Pembebasan: Sejarah, Metode, Praksis, dan Isinya. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1987.

Pohl, Michael. Teaching Thinking Skills: A Whole School Approach. Sydney: Hawker Brownlow, 1997.

Qomar, Mujamil. Pemikiran Islam Metodologis: Model Pemikiran Alternatif dalam Memajukan Peradaban Islam. Yogyakarta: Teras, 2012.

Rabi’, Ibrahim M. Abu. “A Post-September 11 Critical Assessment of Modern Islamic History,” dalam Ian Markham dan Ibrahim M. Abu Rabi’ (eds.), 11 September: Religious Perspective on the Causes and Consequences. Oxford: Oneworld Publication, 2002.

Roy, Olivier. The Failure of Political Islam. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Ṣâliḥ (al), Ṣubḥi ‘Ulûm al-Ḥadîth wa Muṣt}alaḥuh. Beirut: Dâr al-‘Ilm li al-Malâyîn, 1988.

Sirry, Mun’im. Tradisi Intelektual Islam: Rekonfigurasi Sumber Otoritas Agama. Malang: Madani, 2015.

Sulayman, Abdul Hamid Abu. “Culture, Science, and Technology: How to Respond to Contemporary Challenges,” dalam The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 3, Summer, 2002.

-----. Crisis in the Muslim Mind, terj. Yusuf Talal DeLorenzo. Herndon, Virginia: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1993.

Suriasumantri, Jujun S. Filsafat Ilmu: Sebuah Pengantar Populer. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1998.

Suyût}î (al), Jalâl al-Dîn ‘Abd al-Raḥmân b. Abû Bakr. al-Ashbâh wa al-Naẓâir. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Arabî, 1998.

Titus, Harold H. Living Issues in Philosophy. New York: American Book, 1959.

Umam, Fawaizul. “Sejarah yang Terabaikan: Fakta Seputar Kontribusi Islam terhadap Barat”, Jurnal al-Afkâr, Fakultas Ushuluddin IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya Edisi IV, Juli-Desember, 2001.

Watt, W. Montgomery. Islamic Philosophy and Theology: An Extended Survey. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1985.

Zayd, Naṣr Ḥâmid Abû. Al-Tafkîr fî Zaman al-Takfîr: Ḍidd al-Jahl wa al-Zayf wa al-Khurâfah. Kairo: Dâr Sinâ li Naṣr, 1995.

-----. Imam Syafi’i: Moderatisme, Eklektisisme, Arabisme, terj. Khoiron Nahdliyyin. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 1997.

-----. Tekstualitas al-Qur’an: Kritik terhadap Ulumul Qur’an, terj. Khoiron Nahdliyyin. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2001.