ismail fahmi arrauf nasution Nasution
IAIN LANGSA ACEH,
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Waḥdat al-wujûd is a doctrine that believes in the ultimate form of God. While the universe is believed as a shadow that totally depends on the Creator (Ḥaqq Ta‘âlâ). Waḥdat al-wujûd is one of the most inciting topics debated by Muslim scholars in the middle time of Islam. The opponents of waḥdat al-wujûd has used to accuse it as heresy. They consider waḥdat al-wujûd as theologically rooted from Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Platonism and Neoplatonism. The opponents of waḥdat al-wujûd generally come from “literal-minded” theologians. They tend to understand the Qur’an and ḥadîth in its outward meaning. Whereas the inner meaning has abundantly been contained in the Qur’an. This paper is an effort to analyze some verses of the Qur’an by using ta’wîl (esoteric analysis) and to some extent is a reflection on Syamsuddin al-Sumatrani’s teaching. In the end, this paper argues that although literally term of waḥdat al-wujûd does not exist in the Qur’an, however, the analysis shows that the teaching of waḥdat al-wujûd is definitely rooted in the Qur'an.
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